Using gold to read cancer’s messages

A novel blood test that uses gold nanoparticles to detect cancer has also been shown to identify signals released by cancer cells which could result in earlier diagnosis and better treatment. New research has revealed the nanotechnology developed by University of Queensland scientists can detect and monitor extracellular vesicles (EVs) in the bloodstream. Australian Institute … Read more Using gold to read cancer’s messages

Sustainable development in the era pandemic risk

The current outbreak of a novel coronavirus, originating in Hubei Province of China and closely related to SARS, is once again keeping the world on its toes. This is but the latest of a series of pandemics that have terrorised countries all around the world in recent years, including Ebola, SARS, Zika, MERS, etc. All … Read more Sustainable development in the era pandemic risk

AI, brain scans may alter how doctors treat depression

Artificial intelligence may soon play a critical role in choosing which depression therapy is best for patients. A national trial initiated by UT Southwestern in 2011 to better understand mood disorders has produced what scientists are calling the project’s flagship finding: a computer that can accurately predict whether an antidepressant will work based on a … Read more AI, brain scans may alter how doctors treat depression

Human gut-in-a-dish model helps define ‘leaky gut,’ and outline a pathway to treatment

Once a vague scapegoat for a variety of ills, increasing evidence suggests a condition known as “leaky gut” – in which microbes and other molecules seep out of the intestines – may be more common, and more harmful, than previously thought. Leaky gut is most often experienced by older people, patients with cancers or other … Read more Human gut-in-a-dish model helps define ‘leaky gut,’ and outline a pathway to treatment

Sepsis leading cause of death worldwide

New research published today in The Lancet has found that sepsis is responsible for the most deaths worldwide, even more than cancer or coronary disease—previously believed to be the leading causes of death globally. The study determined that, in 2017, 48.9 million cases of sepsis were diagnosed worldwide and 11 million people died of the condition. This … Read more Sepsis leading cause of death worldwide

Light therapy holds promise for people with bipolar disorder

Light therapy, consisting of daily exposure to bright, artificial light, is already a recognized line of treatment for people affected by seasonal and nonseasonal depressive disorder. But much less is known about the potential benefits of light therapy for people with bipolar disorder, one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. In a meta-analysis recently … Read more Light therapy holds promise for people with bipolar disorder

New study shows exercise boosts working memory like caffeine

An innovative lab at Western University known for promoting exercise as a way to reduce tobacco cravings has translated their research and found that brisk walks – as short as 20 minutes – can compete with caffeine in terms of enhancing working memory. Working memory is the ability to store and manipulate information, in the … Read more New study shows exercise boosts working memory like caffeine

Color-changing bandages sense and treat bacterial infections

According to the World Health Organization, antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health. Sensing and treating bacterial infections earlier could help improve patients’ recovery, as well curb the spread of antibiotic-resistant microbes. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Central Science have developed color-changing bandages that can sense drug-resistant and drug-sensitive bacteria in wounds and … Read more Color-changing bandages sense and treat bacterial infections

Genomics experts dispute nine genes linked to congenital heart condition

Geneticists and heart specialists around the world had previously reported 17 genes to cause long QT syndrome, a little-known inherited heart condition. However, the Clinical Genome Resource’s (ClinGen) expert panel has critically reevaluated the scientific evidence for all 17 reported genes, disputing nine of the genes and revealing only three of the genes to be definitively … Read more Genomics experts dispute nine genes linked to congenital heart condition

Living near major roads linked to increased risk of dementia, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and MS

Living near major roads or highways is linked to higher incidence of dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis (MS), suggests new research published this week in the journal Environmental Health. Researchers from the University of British Columbia analyzed data for 678,000 adults in Metro Vancouver. They found that living less than 50 metres from … Read more Living near major roads linked to increased risk of dementia, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and MS