State of mind: The end of personality as we know it

We all have our varying mental emphases, inclinations, and biases. These individual dispositions are dynamic in that they can change over time and context. In a study published today in the journal Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Prof. Moshe Bar, a neuroscientist at the Gonda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center at Bar-Ilan University (BIU), together with Noa … Read more State of mind: The end of personality as we know it

AI, brain scans may alter how doctors treat depression

Artificial intelligence may soon play a critical role in choosing which depression therapy is best for patients. A national trial initiated by UT Southwestern in 2011 to better understand mood disorders has produced what scientists are calling the project’s flagship finding: a computer that can accurately predict whether an antidepressant will work based on a … Read more AI, brain scans may alter how doctors treat depression

Light therapy holds promise for people with bipolar disorder

Light therapy, consisting of daily exposure to bright, artificial light, is already a recognized line of treatment for people affected by seasonal and nonseasonal depressive disorder. But much less is known about the potential benefits of light therapy for people with bipolar disorder, one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. In a meta-analysis recently … Read more Light therapy holds promise for people with bipolar disorder

Why stress doesn’t always cause depression

Rats susceptible to anhedonia, a core symptom of depression, possess more serotonin neurons after being exposed to chronic stress, but the effect can be reversed through amygdala activation, according to new research in JNeurosci. Some people are resistant to depression and anhedonia, or lack of pleasure, even when exposed to chronic stress. To measure susceptibility to … Read more Why stress doesn’t always cause depression

2/3 of parents cite barriers in recognizing youth depression

Telling the difference between a teen’s normal ups and downs and something bigger is among top challenges parents face in identifying youth depression, a new national poll suggests. Though the majority of parents say they are confident they would recognize depression in their middle or high school aged child, two thirds acknowledge barriers to spotting … Read more 2/3 of parents cite barriers in recognizing youth depression

Evidence that tobacco smoking increases risk of depression and schizophrenia

A new study published today [6 Nov] in Psychological Medicine and led by University of Bristol researchers has found that tobacco smoking may increase your risk of developing depression and schizophrenia. It is well known that smoking is much more common amongst people with mental illness – especially depression and schizophrenia. However, most studies that have looked … Read more Evidence that tobacco smoking increases risk of depression and schizophrenia

Patients with mood, anxiety disorders share abnormalities in brain’s control circuit

New research published today in JAMA Psychiatry shows for the first time that patients with mood and anxiety disorders share the same abnormalities in regions of the brain involved in emotional and cognitive control. The findings hold promise for the development of new treatments targeting these regions of the brain in patients with major depressive … Read more Patients with mood, anxiety disorders share abnormalities in brain’s control circuit

Life expectancy mapped for people with mental disorders

People with mental disorders have a life expectancy up to a decade shorter than the general population, University of Queensland researchers discovered in a joint international study. Professor John McGrath from UQ’s Queensland Brain Institute and Dr Oleguer Plana-Ripoll from Denmark’s Aarhus University led the study, which found that on average mental disorders shortened life … Read more Life expectancy mapped for people with mental disorders

Negative memory storage affects depression symptoms

Physical manifestations of negative memories in the hippocampus could underlie cognitive symptoms of depression, according to research in mice published in JNeurosci. Inhibiting these manifestations could be a future treatment route. Groups of neurons that are activated after an experience are thought to be the physical representation of memory. These so-called engrams in the hippocampus could … Read more Negative memory storage affects depression symptoms

Dogs mirror owner’s stress

Researchers at Linköping University have examined how stress levels in dogs are influenced by lifestyle factors and by the people that the dogs live with. Previous work has shown that individuals of the same species can mirror each others’ emotional states. There is, for example, a correlation between long-term stress in children and in their … Read more Dogs mirror owner’s stress