Human Populations survived the Toba volcanic super-eruption 74,000 years ago

The Toba super-eruption was one of the largest volcanic events over the last two million years, about 5,000 times larger than Mount St. Helen’s eruption in the 1980s. The eruption occurred 74,000 years ago on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, and was argued to have ushered in a “volcanic winter” lasting six to ten years, … Read more Human Populations survived the Toba volcanic super-eruption 74,000 years ago

Sweet beaks: What Galapagos finches and marine bacteria have in common

The variety of finch species on the remote Galapagos Islands is the most prominent example for Charles Darwin’s and Alfred R. Wallace’s theory of evolution through natural selection. Galapagos finch species have developed distinct beak sizes and shapes and thereby have adapted to different food sources. This exemplifies how even closely related species can effectively … Read more Sweet beaks: What Galapagos finches and marine bacteria have in common

Hurricane Harvey tops league of most extreme US weather this decade

A top ten of record-breaking US weather events of the last decade reveals Hurricane Harvey is the most extreme of the decade, and similar others were among the costliest and deadliest on record, according to magazine Weatherwise. Hurricane Harvey, the 2017 storm that devastated Texas and Louisiana, is ranked first followed by the 2012 ‘Frankenstorm’ … Read more Hurricane Harvey tops league of most extreme US weather this decade

Biodiversity scientists pull together to document how life works before it’s too late

Time is running out to predict how potential climate futures will impact biodiversity and the functioning of our biosphere. To save and predict the future of biodiversity we need to rapidly accelerate our understanding of the planet’s diverse forms of life. A new, global network of international researchers is using the power of open source … Read more Biodiversity scientists pull together to document how life works before it’s too late

New green technology from UMass Amherst generates electricity ‘out of thin air’

Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have developed a device that uses a natural protein to create electricity from moisture in the air, a new technology they say could have significant implications for the future of renewable energy, climate change and in the future of medicine. As reported today in Nature, the laboratories of electrical … Read more New green technology from UMass Amherst generates electricity ‘out of thin air’

This is not a climate emergency. It’s much more serious

The ferocity, reach and duration of fires that have devastated Australian communities, bush and rural landscapes this summer should not just sound the alarm for a climate emergency, because the situation is much more serious. And Australia is “ground zero” for what is in reality a “climate crisis”. That’s the stark warning Professor Mark Howden … Read more This is not a climate emergency. It’s much more serious

Ocean fish farming in tropics and sub-tropics most impacted by climate change: UBC study

In a study published in Global Change Biology, researchers at the University of British Columbia looked at how climate change could impact 85 species of fish and molluscs that are most commonly farmed in seawater. They found that certain species like Atlantic salmon, European seabass and cobia, while certain areas like the tropics and the Arctic, … Read more Ocean fish farming in tropics and sub-tropics most impacted by climate change: UBC study

Adapting to climate change: We’re doing it wrong

When it comes to adapting to the effects of climate change, scientists and policymakers are thinking too small, according to a new research review. The authors argue that society should focus less on how individuals respond to such climate issues as flooding and wildfires and instead figure out what it takes to inspire collective action … Read more Adapting to climate change: We’re doing it wrong

Himalayan glacier shows evidence of start of Industrial Revolution

Human beings altered one of the highest peaks in the Himalayas hundreds of years before a person ever set foot there, new research has found. The study, publishing today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, indicates that the byproducts of burning coal in Europe in the late 18th century made their way to … Read more Himalayan glacier shows evidence of start of Industrial Revolution

Scientists show solar system processes control the carbon cycle throughout Earth’s history

The world is waking up to the fact that human-driven carbon emissions are responsible for warming our climate, driving unprecedented changes to ecosystems, and placing us on course for the sixth mass extinction event in Earth’s history. However, new research publishing this week in leading international journal PNAS, sheds fresh light on the complicated interplay of … Read more Scientists show solar system processes control the carbon cycle throughout Earth’s history