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#anthropology

Why humans in Africa fled to the mountains during the last ice age

There they had enough water, built tools out of obsidian and relied mainly on giant rodents for nourishment.

8 Aug 2019 Science

Maya violent warfare occurred earlier than thought

The authors suggest that these findings challenge theories that extreme violent warfare was limited to the Terminal Classic Period and that it developed as a result of environmental stress and increased competition for limited resources.

5 Aug 2019 Nature Human Behaviour

How humans and chimpanzees travel towards a goal in rainforests

Researchers compare spatial movement patterns of human foragers and chimpanzees towards food locations in dense forest.

30 Jul 2019 Scientific Reports

The road to Scandinavia’s bronze age: Trade routes, metal provenance, and mixing

The authors performed isotope and trace-element analyses on 210 Bronze Age artifact samples, predominantly axeheads, originally collected in Denmark and representing almost 50% of all known existing Danish metal objects from this period.

24 Jul 2019 PLOS ONE

Finding one’s way in the rainforest

For human foragers who travel long distances every day hunting and gathering, orientation skills are essential.

23 Jul 2019 Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Study finds Nunavik Inuit are genetically unique

Variants found in this population may predispose to brain aneurysm

22 Jul 2019 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Ancient genomics pinpoint origin and rapid turnover of cattle in the Fertile Crescent

An international team of geneticists have deciphered early bovine prehistory by sequencing 67 ancient genomes from both wild and domestic cattle sampled from across eight millennia.

11 Jul 2019 Science

Gorillas found to live in ‘complex’ societies, suggesting deep roots of human social evolution

The findings suggest that the origins of our own social systems stretch back to the common ancestor of humans and gorillas, rather than arising from the "social brain" of hominins after diverging from other primates, say researchers.

9 Jul 2019 Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Indigenous and local knowledge: Drawing on the entire kaleidoscope of human thought

A team of scientists have provided insight into whether there are large documentation gaps of indigenous and local knowledge at biological and cultural scales, and whether the ecology of plant services limits achieving comprehensive science-policy assessments.

8 Jul 2019 Nature Sustainability

Ancient DNA sheds light on the origins of the Biblical Philistines

Ancient genomes suggest that the Philistines descended from people who migrated across the Mediterranean and reached the shores of the southern Levant at the beginning of the Iron Age.

3 Jul 2019 Science Advances

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