Fragile topology: Two new studies explain the strange electron flow in future materials

Electrons race along the surface of certain unusual crystalline materials, except that sometimes they don’t. Two new studies from Princeton researchers and their collaborators explain the source of the surprising behavior and chart a course for restoring conductivity in these remarkable crystals, prized for their potential use in future technologies including quantum computers. The studies … Read more Fragile topology: Two new studies explain the strange electron flow in future materials

Breakthrough made on the next big step to building the world’s most powerful particle accelerator

For the first time scientists have observed muon ionization cooling – a major step in being able to create the world’s most powerful particle accelerator. This new muon accelerator will give us a better understanding of the fundamental constituents of matter. Since the 1930s, accelerators have been used to make ever more energetic proton, electron, … Read more Breakthrough made on the next big step to building the world’s most powerful particle accelerator

IoP physicists cool an atom-ion mixture to the quantum regime

Over the past years, physicists have developed techniques to create extremely cold atoms and ions. These ultra-cold particles have many uses; for example, they can be used as building blocks for quantum computers and highly precise clocks. Ideally, for such applications, one would also have mixtures of very cold atoms and ions at one’s disposal, … Read more IoP physicists cool an atom-ion mixture to the quantum regime

A quantum of solid

It is well known that quantum properties of individual atoms can be controlled and manipulated by laser light. Even large clouds of hundreds of millions of atoms can be pushed into the quantum regime, giving rise to macroscopic quantum states of matter such as quantum gases or Bose-Einstein condensates, which nowadays are also widely used … Read more A quantum of solid

Researchers combine X-rays and laser light to image sprays

Researchers have developed a new laser-based method that provides an unprecedented view of sprays such as the ones used for liquid fuel combustion in vehicle, ship and plane engines. The technique could provide new insights into these atomizing sprays, which are also used in a variety of industrial processes such as painting and producing food … Read more Researchers combine X-rays and laser light to image sprays

Detection of very high frequency magnetic resonance could revolutionize electronics

A team of physicists has discovered an electrical detection method for terahertz electromagnetic waves, which are extremely difficult to detect. The discovery could help miniaturize the detection equipment on microchips and enhance sensitivity. Terahertz is a unit of electromagnetic wave frequency: One gigahertz equals 1 billion hertz; 1 terahertz equals 1,000 gigahertz. The higher the … Read more Detection of very high frequency magnetic resonance could revolutionize electronics

QuTech realises ‘MRI on the atomic scale’

Researchers at QuTech, a collaboration of TU Delft and TNO, have developed a new magnetic quantum sensing technology that can image samples with atomic-scale resolution. It opens the door towards imaging individual molecules, like proteins and other complex systems, atom by atom. The team reports on their results in Nature. Magnetic resonance Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and … Read more QuTech realises ‘MRI on the atomic scale’

A new view for glasses

Researchers at The University of Tokyo introduced a new physical model that predicts the dynamics of glassy materials based solely on their local degree of atomic structural order. Using computer simulations, they showed how this theory greatly improves our understanding of how glassy liquids become more viscous on cooling. This work has many potential applications … Read more A new view for glasses

Atom music lets listeners experience atomic world through sound

Atom music is a fun new way to explore the atomic world via musical synthesis techniques. Atoms absorb and release energy in the form of photons that we perceive as different colors – think northern lights. These colors can be passed through a grating or prism that reveals the atom’s individual spectrum as a set … Read more Atom music lets listeners experience atomic world through sound

Molecular eraser enables better data storage and computers for AI

Scientists have added a crucial tool to the atomic-scale manufacturing toolkit with major implications for today’s data driven–carbon intensive–world, according to new research from the University of Alberta in Canada. “Computers today are contributing one gigatonne of carbon emissions to the atmosphere, and we can eliminate that by enhancing the most power-hungry parts of conventional … Read more Molecular eraser enables better data storage and computers for AI