Researchers combine X-rays and laser light to image sprays

Researchers have developed a new laser-based method that provides an unprecedented view of sprays such as the ones used for liquid fuel combustion in vehicle, ship and plane engines. The technique could provide new insights into these atomizing sprays, which are also used in a variety of industrial processes such as painting and producing food … Read more

Protein imaging at the speed of life

To study the swiftness of biology – the protein chemistry behind every life function – scientists need to see molecules changing and interacting in unimaginably rapid time increments – trillionths of a second or shorter. Imaging equipment with that kind of speed was finally tested last year at the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser, or EuXFEL. … Read more

Atomic-level imaging could offer roadmap to metals with new properties

High-entropy alloys, which are made from nearly equal parts of several primary metals, could hold great potential for creating materials with superior mechanical properties. But with a practically unlimited number of possible combinations, one challenge for metallurgists is figuring out where to focus their research efforts in a vast, unexplored world of metallic mixtures. A … Read more

AI uncovers new details about Old Master paintings

Artificial intelligence has been used to analyse high-resolution digital x-ray images of the world famous Ghent Altarpiece, as part of an investigative project led by UCL. The finding is expected to improve our understanding of art masterpieces and provide new opportunities for art investigation, conservation and presentation. Researchers from the National Gallery, Duke University and … Read more

Atomic ‘Trojan horse’ for a new generation of X-ray lasers

An intense electron beam that could be used in the X-ray lasers of the future has been produced in research led at the University of Strathclyde. The beam was created by the plasma photocathode method, in which electrons were released from neutral atoms inside plasma. This has produced a potentially much brighter, plasma-based electron source which could … Read more